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Jean Baptiste Jaunay d. 1780 Chantilly

Elusive Jean

While it is known that Jean Baptiste Jaunay was a retainer for the Prince de Condé* surprisingly little else was known about this man for many years. Much of the difficulty in the research seems to stem from the tyranny of distance. Trying to research ancien régime France from Australia with a poor grasp of French makes the task quite difficult!

We do know that, according to a marriage contract, the widow of Louis Brunet, Marie Louise nee Viard married Jean Baptiste Jaunay 18 Aug 1775 in Paris although precisely where remains unknown and Chantilly cannot be ruled out!

The birth of their son, François Marie Jaunay, in September 1776 in the village of Chantilly occurred while his father was an officier in the Condé household in the nearby château [pictured below].

The death record for Jean Baptiste Jaunay is recorded in the Chantilly archives as Jean Baptiste Jonet. Some appended signatures are difficult to read and these are recorded as dashes...

Inhumerion de Jean
Baptiste Jonet

L'an mil sept cent quatre vingt le dix huitième de septembre a été inhumé dans le cimetière de cette paroisse par moi prêtre curé soussigné Jean Baptiste Jonet, décédé d'hier; cette inhumation a été faite en présence de Jacques Nicolas Ciriez de François Le Comte de Nicolas Camusot qui ont signé.
F Le Comte                       Ciriez                _____________
N Camusot                                                   _____________
________ par vous le 18 7bre 1780 B_______________
Hinielus archief

There is just one other reference to the man but that only suggests that he was dead before January 1783—a succession trustee document:

Succession trustee 29 Jan 1783
Me Maltard Paris. Acte of nomination of Sr Jean Joseph Noël Le Roy burgess of Paris trustee of the succession of Jean Baptiste Jaunay Officer of the prince of Condé.

[Reference: DC6 26 Curatelle Jaunay]
* Louis-Joseph (1736-1818), Grand maître de la maison du Roi was the prince for whom Jean and his family worked. The prince was the only son of the Duc de Bourbon and Charlotte of Hesse and assumed the Condé title on his father's death in 1740. In 1753 he married Charlotte-Godefride de Rohan-Soubise. Brought up for the army service, he served with distinction in the Seven Years' War. On the fall of the Bastille (1789), he was one of the first princes to emigrate. Establishing himself at Worms in 1791, he set about raising the émigré army of Condé which took part, but not very effectively, in the anti-revolutionary campaigns of 1792-96. After the Franco-Austrian peace of 1797, Condé went to Russia, served with the Russians in 1799, then passed to Austria in 1800 and to England in 1801.
Returning to France in 1814, he died in Paris four years later.

Above adapted and updated from: Graham Jaunay, Première Qualité. The story of the Jaunay family in the 19th century, Adelaide 1994

New information

Since 2015 much more has been discovered about the life of Jean Baptiste Jaunay.

To achieve this breakthrough from Australia meant engaging a professional researcher in Paris. This person managed to make the breakthorough to reveal the origins of the Jaunay family!

How Jean Baptiste became associated with the Condé household remains a mystery but we now know much more about him personally.

to_tree Jean Baptiste Jaunay, the son of Jean Jaunay and Nicole Ramboug, was the youngest of five children baptised 19 Mar 1721 in the ancient fortified church dedicated to Sainte-Marie-Madeleine in the village of Francheval on the eastern border of France. The records of the family in this village go back to the days before the region was part of France and the earliest ancestor is known to be Guillaume Jaunay, Jean Baptiste's grandfather.

Clearly the association with the Condé household began relatively early because Jean Baptiste firstly married Marie Véronique Malleveon on 21 Sep 1751 in Paris. He was 30 years-old at the time. The marriage produced three children — Joseph Jean b. 26 Feb 1755 Paris, Adrien Roch and Marie-Geneviève-Véronique Jaunay. To date the descendents of the first child only have been determined. We do know that his daughter joined a religious order — the Bernadines of the Precious Blood. This congregation of nuns was founded by Mother Ballou with the assistance of St Francis de Sales, as an offshoot of the reformed Cistercians.


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